Alexander Calder (1898–1976)
The imaginative sculptures of Alexander Calder have changed modern conceptions of three-dimensional art. Calder is one of the great names of twentieth century art; his stabiles and mobiles can be found in almost every major museum throughout the world. Born in Philadelphia in 1898, the artist graduated from Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, N.J., with a degree in mechanical engineering. Subsequently, he attended the Art Students League, New York, and in 1926 established a studio in Paris. There he met Arp, LSgej and Mondrian, whose use of primary colors was an important influence on Calder's artworks. In 1933, the artist returned to the United States, where he lived until his death in 1976.