Jiang is the founder of the Yunnan School of Painting, which is the most important contemporary movement of abstract art in China. His works are richly colored and the imagery contains figurative elements with contrasting patterns.
Jiang attended the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing. He studied with the renowned Chinese artist, Huang Yong-Yu. During the 1960s and early 1970's, Jiang was assigned to produce propaganda posters during Mao’s Cultural Revolution. At night Jiang secretly worked on his own style.
From 1976 to 1983, Jiang served on the board of directors for the Yunnan branch of the Chinese National Art Association. He also was a member of the Chinese Woodblock Association. He later was an instructor and professor at the Yunnan Art Institute.
In 1979, he was commissioned by the government to paint a mural representing Yunnan Province, which was installed in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
A year later, Jiang was awarded second place in an international United Nations competition and in 1983 he came to the United States as part of a cultural exchange program with the University of Southern California. Jiang works primarily in watercolor and serigraphy. His works have been actively collected worldwide since the early 1980's.